Julian Savulescu examines the nature of human beings as animals, whose biological limitations are spectacularly and dangerously exceeded by their technology. The rapid progress in military technology; the political and social torpor in dealing with climate change; the eternally competing demands of economy and environment; right down to the day-to-day consumer-based decisions the average person makes everyday—we continually butt up against limitations in our abilities to factor the future into decisions about the now, as well as in our empathy and co-operation with others. Is the next step to genetically enhance ourselves to deal with this world we’ve made? Or is it to change our culture and technology to better reflect these biological constraints?
Professor Julian Savulescu is qualified in medicine, bioethics and analytic philosophy. He holds the Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics and is Director of the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics at Oxford, Director of the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics, and Director of the Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences.